By Emilio Zagheni, Marina Zannella, Gabriel Movsesyan, Brittney Wagner
This comparative learn of eu time transfers unearths the entire volume of transfers within the kind of unpaid paintings and highlights the life of significant gender variations in family time construction. a wide volume of products and prone are produced through loved ones contributors for his or her personal intake, with out regarding industry transactions. regardless of the industrial and social significance of unpaid paintings, those efficient actions are mostly invisible to conventional nationwide fiscal money owed. for this reason, ordinary measures of intergenerational transfers in general forget about loved ones construction, and hence underestimate the general worth of products and providers produced over the existence cycle; particularly, the commercial contribution of ladies. The booklet makes use of a existence direction method of provide policy-relevant insights into the impression of demographic and social switch on intergenerational ties and gender inequality in loved ones production.
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Extra info for A Comparative Analysis of European Time Transfers between Generations and Genders
Giving support appears to be positively correlated with having grandchildren, higher socioeconomic status, living with a spouse or partner, being female, having more emotional closeness, and spending more time together (Albertini et al. 2007; Kim et al. 2012). It is interesting to note that as hours of employment increase, caregiving support for elders decreases and is replaced by monetary assistance (Bonsang 2007). As with monetary transfers, there are apparent cross-national differences in household production and transfers of time among European countries and the United States.
Demography, 48(1), 371–399. 1 Introduction In the previous chapter we introduced the system of National Transfer Accounts and discussed how time use data can complement monetary accounts by adding the dimension of unpaid household work. Chapter 2 offered a review of the relevant literature, described the methodology that we used, and provided insights about the trajectory of key measures like the life cycle deficit for unpaid work. So far, our analysis has focused on the two most important demographic dimensions of intergenerational transfers: age and sex.
1 Incorporating Household Production into National Income and Product Accounts Financial transfers between generations, while useful in understanding intergenerational flows, is only one element of the complex intergenerational economy. Much of intergenerational exchange takes place within the home: time spent in caring for children and elders, cooking, gardening, cleaning and many of the other activities involved in maintaining a household that have traditionally been omitted from economic measures.