By Ellen Evert Hopman
For the traditional Druids, the therapeutic and magical homes of herbs have been inseparable from the bigger cycles of the seasons, the pursuits of the planets, and the development of a human lifestyles.
A Druid’s natural shows the reader how you can use herbs whilst developing rituals to have a good time fairs and critical lifestyles passages reminiscent of births, condo advantages, weddings, funerals, and naming ceremonies.
Drawing on wide examine and a deep own event with Pagan traditions, Ellen Evert Hopman explores the background and folklore surrounding the 8 significant Celtic gala's: Samhain, iciness Solstice, Imbolc, Spring Equinox, Beltaine, summer time Solstice, Lugnasad, and Fall Equinox. integrated in each one dialogue are entire directions at the medicinal and magical makes use of of the herbs linked to every one get together.
Using those Celtic traditions as examples, the writer indicates how one can contain the symbolic and magical strength of herbs into own rituals that honor all levels of lifestyles from childbirth to final rites. additionally integrated are chapters on the way to arrange natural tinctures, salves, and poultices; herbs utilized by the Druids; natural alchemy and the planets; and the relationships among herbs and sacred areas.
Filled with sensible details and inventive feedback for utilizing herbs for therapeutic, rite, and magic, this ebook is an crucial and complete advisor to age-old natural practices.
Read Online or Download A Druid's Herbal for the Sacred Earth Year PDF
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Additional info for A Druid's Herbal for the Sacred Earth Year
Brumer at al. have shown that XET can be used to transglycosylate xylan with chemically modified xylan oligomers (Brumer 2004; Teeri 2007). These modified xylans retain a high affinity for cellulose surfaces and provide a Page 30 © Copyright Pira International Ltd 2007 Developments in Engineered Fibres Fibre modification 4 novel means of delivering a wide range of functionality to the surface of cellulosic fibres; they include xylans containing amines, thiols, UV dyes and hydrophobic alkyl groups or initiation sites for atom transfer radical polymerisation.
Mansfield impregnated wood chips with laccase prior to mechanical pulping and observed improved refining efficiency and sheet properties. Chandra examined the reactivity of a high kappa softwood kraft pulp with laccase and 4-hydroxybenzoic acid (hba). This treatment resulted in an increase in apparent density, tensile, burst index and z-directional tensile strength for the fibres. 6). The z-directional tensile strength, an effective measure of internal bond strength for fibres, was increased around 33% after treatment with laccase and 4-hydroxybenzoic acid.
Mixtures of hemicellulases and cellulases have also been employed to improve the drainage properties of secondary fibre (Pommier 1989; Pommier 1990). Oksanen et al. employed mixtures of Trichoderma reesei cellulase and hemicellulase to treat recycled kraft pulp fibres and characterised the changes in fibre properties. Treatments with endoglucanases (EG I and EG II) at low dosage levels were found to increase pulp drainage properties significantly, whereas treatment with CBH I was observed to have practically no effect.