By Syma A. Ebbin, Alf H. Hoel, Are Sydnes
This is often the 1st systematic review of the foreign 200-mile specific monetary sector. to this point, one hundred forty five states have ratified the legislation of the ocean conference, and such a lot have tested EEZs. This quantity makes a speciality of the categorical nature of the EEZ and the development and evolution of associations stemming from its advent, particularly analyzing advancements at neighborhood, nationwide and foreign degrees.
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Additional resources for A Sea Change: The Exclusive Economic Zone and Governance Institutions for Living Marine Resources
Article 61(1) requires that ‘The Coastal State shall determine the allowable catch of the living resources in its exclusive economic zone’. The use of ‘shall’ suggests that such a determination is mandatory. Article 297(3)(a) which deals with settlement of fisheries disputes refers to the ‘discretionary powers for determining the allowable catch’ of the coastal state which might suggest that Article 61(1) was not intended to be mandatory. ’ Despite the use of the term discretionary, therefore, it is arguable that the power in Article 61(1) is only discretionary as to the result achieved though mandatory as to the fact of its exercise.
11 For further discussions of these issues, see Franckx (2000) and Rayfuse (1999). 12 For a discussion of the how this evolution has occurred in non-legal instruments, see Edeson (1999c). 26 WILLIAM R. EDESON precautionary character might have to be implied from the context. There is of course the obverse problem. A measure might be described as ‘precautionary’ but the reference to the concept could be as close as it will ever get to meeting that goal. Of course, a more pessimistic picture can be painted.
C. , 2000, High Seas Fishing Vessel Database, in: Current Fisheries Issue and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, M Nordquist and N Moore, eds, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, The Hague. , Australian Yearbook of International Law, 20: 253-278. no) 1. INTRODUCTION Norway is a significant beneficiary of the changes in the global ocean regime conferring sovereign rights over natural resources in the oceans to coastal states. With the introduction of an Economic Zone (EZ) (1977)1 and the zones around the Svalbard and Jan Mayen islands, the ocean area under Norwegian jurisdiction increased to more than two million square kilometres, or about six times its land territory.