By John M. Hagedorn
“Street gangs reflect the inhuman objectives and greed of society’s trendsetters and deities while they try to the loss of life over scraps from the desk of the foreign drug alternate. yet John Hagedorn, often, additionally unearths wish within the contradictory values of outlaw youth—selflessness, cohesion, and love amid cupidity and directionless rage—and he keeps the desire tradition of resistance will finally be successful over the forces of self-destruction. even if one stocks his optimism or no longer, he makes a compelling case that the way forward for the area may be made up our minds at the streets of our cities.” —Mike Davis, from the Foreword
“A global of Gangs is an illuminating trip round the cultures, lives, tragedies, and desires of thousands of rebellious formative years round the planet. it truly is an imperative paintings to appreciate the realm we are living in and crucial studying for college students of towns and communities.” —Manuel Castells
For the greater than 1000000000 those that now reside in city slums, gangs are ubiquitous beneficial properties of way of life. even though nonetheless such a lot heavily linked to American towns, gangs are an entrenched, around the world phenomenon that play an important position in quite a lot of actions, from drug dealing to extortion to non secular and political violence. In an international of Gangs, John Hagedorn explores this foreign proliferation of the city gang due to the ravages of globalization.
Looking heavily at gang formation in 3 global cities-Chicago, Rio de Janeiro, and Capetown-he discovers that a few gangs have institutionalized as a method to confront a hopeless cycle of poverty, racism, and oppression. particularly, Hagedorn finds, the nihilistic allure of gangsta rap and its road ethic of survival “by any capability necessary” offers very important insights into the ideology and endurance of gangs all over the world. This groundbreaking paintings concludes on a hopeful word. featuring ways that gangs may be inspired to beat their violent trends, Hagedorn appeals to group leaders to exploit the urgency, outrage, and resistance universal to either gang lifestyles and hip-hop as a way to deliver gangs into broader routine for social justice.
John M. Hagedorn is affiliate professor of felony justice on the collage of Illinois, Chicago. he's editor of Gangs within the international urban and writer of the hugely influential humans and other people: Gangs, Crime, and the Underclass in a Rustbelt City.
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Additional resources for A World of Gangs: Armed Young Men and Gangsta Culture
28 The gangs saw the projects as an easily milked cash cow. As one Black Gangster Disciple told me in military terminology, “Basically you control the area. 33 White control was relaxed after the 1960s relocation and again in 1994 when the African National Congress (ANC) took power and security services became disorganized. 35 16 street institutions Racism and Ethnic Identity In all three cities racism and ethnic identity join economic rationality, a history rooted in social movements and prison, and defensible spaces as crucial factors in why gangs institutionalized in these cities and not others.
And he is angry. 17 Hip-hop and its gangsta rap variant are cultural answers to the permanence of racism and oppression, a “resistance identity” in Castells’s schema. ” And that somebody is deﬁned not by schools, police, respectable citizens, or by you and me, but by young people themselves through hip-hop and all too often gangsta rap. ”19 In reality, today this culture is deﬁned by hip-hop, and this book challenges the notso-benign neglect by criminology of this central cultural characteristic of the street and its gangs.
26 Life in the favela went routinely on, before, during, and after the police invaded. ”28 The gangs saw the projects as an easily milked cash cow. As one Black Gangster Disciple told me in military terminology, “Basically you control the area. 33 White control was relaxed after the 1960s relocation and again in 1994 when the African National Congress (ANC) took power and security services became disorganized. 35 16 street institutions Racism and Ethnic Identity In all three cities racism and ethnic identity join economic rationality, a history rooted in social movements and prison, and defensible spaces as crucial factors in why gangs institutionalized in these cities and not others.