By Francis Morris, Alan Fletcher
A pragmatic consultant to the analysis and remedy of acute indicators and stipulations, the ABC of Emergency Differential analysis offers a step by step consultant to emergency differential analysis for non-specialists in a health facility or basic care setting.
This new name within the ABC sequence covers the evaluation, prognosis, remedy, and administration of the most typical signs with 'walk through' prognosis, transparent studying results, and simple to discover remedy options.
Using the wide-spread problem-based instructing procedure for swift assimilation of knowledge, case reports in each one bankruptcy permit the reader to be certain that they've synthesised the data given and will use it on scientific instances.
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Additional resources for ABC of Emergency Differential Diagnosis
1). 1 Causes of pleuritic chest pain. Common Uncommon Pneumonia Pulmonary embolism Pneumothorax Musculoskeletal chest pain Pericarditis Autoimmune diseases Myocardial infarction Aortic dissection Oesophageal rupture Pancreatitis Question: What differential diagnosis would you consider from the history? Pleurisy is caused by irritation of the parietal pleura as an injured or infected lung rubs against it. 1). It is important to take a careful history to determine the speed of onset of the pain and the presence of accompanying symptoms such as cough, sputum, haemoptysis, fever, myalgia, and especially breathlessness.
5/13/2009 10:07:56 AM Vaginal Bleeding Examination On examination she looks distressed, pale and cool. Vital signs are pulse 40 beats/ minute, blood pressure 86/40 mmHg, respiratory rate 22/minute. Her abdomen is not distended but she is tender suprapubically. Bowel sounds are normal. A pregnancy test is positive. Question: Given the history and examination findings what is your principal working diagnosis? Principal working diagnosis – Incomplete miscarriage with associated cervical shock This woman is pregnant, has heavy vaginal bleeding, and is in shock with a bradycardia.
Pancreatitis Acute pancreatitis is characterised by severe epigastric pain typically radiating through to the back. It is often associated with nausea and vomiting. 1), but the vast majority of cases in the UK are due to gallstones and alcohol. The patient with mild pancreatitis may have very few signs or may have shock, pyrexia, generalised abdominal tenderness and guarding with abdominal wall discolouration (peri-umbilical – Cullen’s sign, flanks – Grey Turner’s sign) with severe necrotising pancreatitis.