By Oliver Edwards

The chilly struggle is an enormous and intricate subject in contemporary foreign background. the writer of this name has delineated the function of the U.S. from the worldwide clash, which will concentration upon the causes, path and results of yankee coverage. suggestions comparable to "containment", "roll again" and "massive retaliation" are deconstructed in a transparent and concise demeanour. diplomacy are tested as responses to US activities, allowing scholars to acquire a coherent evaluation of America's involvement on the planet guidelines of the interval and offering them with solutions to complicated questions which require huge actual wisdom.

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8 marks) 3 Containment: Confining Soviet Power, 1947–9 POINTS TO CONSIDER This chapter examines the doctrine of containment. Containment was the governing principle of American policy towards the Soviet Union in the Cold War. It is important to understand the meaning of the term. The aims of containment are examined. There is then a full discussion of the measures taken by the United States to check the expansion of communism both in Europe and in Asia during the opening phase of the Cold War. Finally it is important to construct a balance-sheet, weighing the successes of containment in this period against its failures.

Our policy is directed not against any country or doctrine but against hunger, poverty, desperation and chaos. Its purpose should be the revival of a working economy in the world so as to permit the emergence of political and social conditions in which free institutions can exist. Any government that is willing to assist in the task of recovery will find full co-operation, I am sure, on the part of the United States government. Any government which manoeuvres to block the recovery of other countries cannot expect help from us.

Their response was to fix Russian borders as far west as possible. Kennan’s analysis went a stage further. Marxism-Leninism had taken root in Russia precisely because it taught that communist states could not co-exist peacefully with capitalist states. It therefore justified the continuation of the historic state of conflict between the Soviet Union and its western neighbours and the foreign policy of extending Russian power to its western limit. Kennan suggested that not only had Russia always been an inherently aggressive state but Marxism-Leninism was now the ideological basis of Soviet aggression.

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