By Nelson Marmiroli, Borys Samotokin, Marta Marmiroli

This booklet offers a complete and built-in technique towards fixing the ever growing to be challenge of soil and water infection by means of radioactive and chemical wastes from army amenities, guns industries, and guns garage. The authors mix thought and perform in particular infection examples. this can be a monograph born out of a special mixture of workmanship and useful recommendation and is perfect for operators within the box of decontamination.

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Additional info for Advanced Science and Technology for Biological Decontamination of Sites Affected by Chemical and Radiological Nuclear Agents (NATO Science Series: IV: Earth and Environmental Sciences)

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Marmiroli et al. ), Advanced Science and Technology for Biological Decontamination of Sites Affected by Chemical and Radiological Nuclear Agents, 15–44. © 2007 Springer. 16 O. ORLOV ET AL. 1. Introduction Mixed coniferous/broadleaved forest occupies about 70% of the area of the northern part of Ukraine and plays a very important landscape role in the region. This ecosystem is characterized by a great diversity of ecological conditions and variability in its spatial distribution, by a complex biogeochemistry (cycling) of the major nutritional elements and artificial contaminants, including man-made radionuclides (Melin and Wallberg, 1991, Orlov et al.

1997. Dynamics of Cs-137 in the forests of the 30-rm zone around the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, Sci. , 193; 169-177. Melin J. and Wallberg L. Distribution and retention of cesium in Swedish boreal forest ecosystems, in: The Chernobyl fallout in Sweden, results from a research program on environmental radiology, ed. J. Moberg, Stockholm, Swedish Radiat. Protect. , 1991, pp. 467-475. , 1978. , 256 p. , 2002. , 202 p. , 1999. 1999), 1: Szarvas: 71-78. Orlov O. ) //30th anniversary of Polisya preserve.

Following the peak, 137Cs specific activity gradually decreased, as a combined result of its migration to deeper soil layers, and the physical decay of the radionuclide. Bilberries demonstrate a strong tendency to rapid self-decontamination in the initial period (1986–1992), during which the radionuclide content decreased three fold (and a further two fold from 1992-2002). This behaviour is mainly the result of the concentration of its root system in Oh and the 0–2cm mineral layer, where the availability of the radionuclide is RADIATION CONTAMINATION OF FOREST ECOSYSTEMS 41 high.

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