By Bernhard Kramer
This quantity forty four of Advances in reliable nation Physics includes the written models of lots of the invited lectures of the Spring assembly of the Condensed subject Physics part of the Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft held from March eight to twelve, 2004 in Regensburg, Germany. a few of the topical talks given on the a variety of and intensely full of life symposia also are integrated. they've got lined super fascinating and well timed topics. therefore the ebook actually displays the prestige of the sphere of strong nation physics in 2004, and exhibits its value, not just in Germany but in addition the world over.
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Physics of laser crystals has been regularly constructing because the invention of the laser in 1960. these days, greater than 1500 wide-band-gap and semiconductors crystals are compatible for the construction of the laser impact. diversified laser units are frequent in technological know-how, drugs and communique platforms in accordance with the development accomplished within the improvement of laser crystal physics.
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K. Orgassa, Coherent Optical Analysis of the ZnO/CdS/Cu(In,Ga)Se2 Thin Film Solar Cell. D. Thesis, Universit¨ at Stuttgart, Germany (2004). 30, 31 23. U. Rau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 111 (1999). 32 24. U. Rau, A. Jasenek, H. W. Schock, F. Engelhardt, T. Meyer, Thin Solid Films 361-362, 298 (2000). 32 25. R. H. Bube, Photolectronic Properties of Semiconductors (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1992). 32 26. M. Turcu, O. Pakma, U. Rau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 2598 (2002). 32 27. J. Reiß, J. Malmstr¨ om, A.
Again there is no fundamental diﬀerence between semiconductor / metal and semiconductor heterocontacts. For the latter, the band alignment is given by alignment of the charge neutrality levels. Unfortunately the charge neutrality levels have not been calculated for a large number of materials in thin ﬁlm solar cells (see Fig. 1). In addition, the II-VI compound semiconductors CdTe, CdS and its multinary analogue Cu(In,Ga)(S,Se)2 have considerable ionicity and the Fermi level might therefore be not strongly pinned.
14, 20 4. W. M¨ onch, Semiconductor Surfaces and Interfaces (Springer Verlag, Heidelberg, 1993). 15 5. T. O. C. McGill, Band Oﬀsets in Semiconductor Heterojunctions , in Solid State Physics edited by H. Ehrenreich and D. Turnbull (Academic Press, Boston 1992). 15 6. A. G. Van de Walle, Surf. Sci. Rep. 25, 1 (1996). 15 24 Andreas Klein 7. M. Peressi, N. Binggeli and A. Baldereschi, J. Phys. D 31, 1273 (1998). 15 8. J. Tersoﬀ, Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 465 (1984). 15 9. G. R. L. Cohen, Phys. Rev. B 15, 2154 (1977).