By Jacques Véron, Sophie Pennec, Jacques Légaré
Our societies are growing old. The family members is altering. Labour strength behaviour is evolving. How is the agency of family members and collective cohesion adapting during this context of longer existence spans, low fertility, and paintings that's at the same time scarce and abundant?
The welfare states are presently dealing with 3 major demanding situations: confirm passable dwelling stipulations for the aged with out expanding the price burden at the energetic inhabitants, decrease social inequality, and continue fairness among successive generations. during this booklet, researchers from various nations evaluate their stories and provide contrasting perspectives at the way forward for social defense. they think about the theoretical facets of the intergenerational debate, relatives among generations in the relatives, the dwelling criteria of aged humans, and the query of social time.
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Extra info for Ages, Generations and the Social Contract: The Demographic Challenges Facing the Welfare State
2002). “The Emergence of Humans: The Coevolution of Intelligence and Longevity with Intergenerational Transfers”, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 99, 10221–10226. Keilman N. (1997). “Ex-post errors in official population forecasts in industrialized countries”, Journal of Official Statistics (Statistics Sweden), 13(3), pp. 245–277. D. (1990). “Population policy and externalities to childbearing”, Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, special issue edited by Samuel Preston, World Population: Approaching the Year 2000, pp.
It is more widespread in northern European countries where 20% of couples are in a union of this type, and whereas it concerned only 4% of couples DEMOGRAPHIC CONTEXT OF SOCIAL CONTRACT 49 in Mediterranean countries, the practice is gradually spreading. 2). Some countries experienced a substantial change in this ten-year period: the proportion of live births outside marriage doubled in Spain and in the Netherlands for example. The family structure is also affected by the increase in divorce.
If parents want to do still more for their children beyond this point, they can bequeath them physical capital earning the market rate of return, higher than additional education would earn. The difficulty is that most parents have competing goals: they want to make their children happy and prosperous, but they also want to provide for their own old age. 1 Children would like to be able to borrow the money needed to complete their education to the optimal level, but no one will loan it to them.