By Tracy Anne Sachtjen

This venture brings jointly an research of local historical past, commercial capitalism, and U.S. empire to argue that ugliness---much greater than a personal challenge among someone and her mirror---became a style of justifying keep watch over over the folks and locations reworked through the commercial approaches of nineteenth-century growth. This dissertation engages ugliness as a old formation to investigate how its repeated invocation in well known cultures supplied a simple avatar of awful distinction opposed to which a nationalist physique may be respected. Ugliness special a physique so misplaced or outpaced by way of sleek beliefs that exclusion turned the solution to nationalized clash. during this method, metaphors of visual appeal and aesthetic price buttressed the present rhetoric of growth. This venture contributes to the examine of nationalist formation and embodiment through illuminating gender as a prop for racial abjection.

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American Ugly: Appearance and Aesthetics in Cultures of U.S. Nationalism, 1848-1915

This undertaking brings jointly an research of nearby historical past, business capitalism, and U. S. empire to argue that ugliness---much greater than a personal challenge among anyone and her mirror---became a style of justifying keep watch over over the folks and areas reworked through the commercial techniques of nineteenth-century enlargement.

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Extra resources for American Ugly: Appearance and Aesthetics in Cultures of U.S. Nationalism, 1848-1915

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Ugliness and beauty thus bespoke nationalist visions in a uniquely devious manner: the difference between beauty and ugliness could seem so very apparent, so natural, that the ideological work of racial hierarchy could be obscured by the visual truth at hand. 33 My genealogy tracks these denials as they softened the very violence of an expansionist nation. S. Imperialism (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2000), 6. " Fig. 1. Atherton's colonial encounter. "The Isle of Skulls," in The Splendid Idle Forties, 1902.

S. West have not been assessed. Such is the analysis that follows. California as Transnational Romance If Dorthe represented failure - her ugliness the consequence of her tenure on the island and her rejection of the romantic skein of the priest's proposal Carmelita, a Spanish-Mexican character in Los Cerritos: A Romance of Modern Time (1890), represented the successful incorporation of colonial modernity. Carmelita was the first of the mixed-race characters whom Atherton would use to illustrate California's transition into North American hands.

In each, appearance and aesthetics set the terms for inclusion or exclusion, and the consequences were severe. Ugliness and beauty thus bespoke nationalist visions in a uniquely devious manner: the difference between beauty and ugliness could seem so very apparent, so natural, that the ideological work of racial hierarchy could be obscured by the visual truth at hand. 33 My genealogy tracks these denials as they softened the very violence of an expansionist nation. S. Imperialism (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2000), 6.

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