By C.D. Becker

From 1944-1971, the Hanford achieve of the Colombia River in Washington nation got amounts of radioisotopes, warmth and chemical substances from as much as eight plutonium reactors. in this case, from 1971-1984 an analogous a part of the river supplied cooling water for three power-production facilities.Environmental matters promoted a sequence of continuous stories to ascertain a number of capability antagonistic results. No major impairment of the rivers environment was once detected.This booklet reports those stories and areas them in a ancient framework.It offers a distinct assessment of reviews revamped a 40-year interval that are now scattered via numerous released and unpublished documents.It could be of curiosity to all these interested by aquatic ecology and environmental issues.

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Additional info for Aquatic Bioenvironmental Studies: The Hanford Experience: 1944-1984

Example text

Much work was done between Priest Rapids Dam and the town of Paterson, a section that included what was called the “Hanford Works of the Atomic Energy Commission” and Lake Wallula. The PHS detected no effect on any water quality characteristic from the single-purpose reactor discharges. But they recommended further reduction in the amount of radioactivity entering the river from atomic energy installations. This recommendation preceded today’s “As Low as Reasonably Achievable” principle for releases of artificially produced radioactivity to the environment.

WNP-2 began operation in 1984 and was designed to minimize environmental impacts. The plant uses Columbia River water for cooling, but has a closed-cycle system with six mechanical draft cooling towers and cooling ponds (Supply System 1977). The cooling 36 Fig. 6. The nuclear power plant (WNP-2) operated by Washington Public Power Supply System in the 400 Area on the Hanford Site. water intakes are perforated pipes specially designed to prevent impingement and entrainment of fish. All liquid effluents released to the river, including cooling tower blowdown, are controlled to comply with regulatory standards for protection of water quality.

Little, Brown, and Company, Boston, Massachusetts. R. 1962. Now It Can Be Told. The Story of the Manhattan Project. , New York. A. Kornberg. 1956. “Radioactivity in Terrestrial Animals Near an Atomic Energy Site. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Geneva, Switzerland, 1955, pp. 381-388. United Nations, New York. E. 1947. Radioactivity in Various Species of Fish from the Columbia and Y a k i m Riuers. S. Atomic Energy Commission Report, HW-35501, Hanford Engineering Works, Richland, Washington.

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