By John Orna-Ornstein

Basic font archaeology should be defined because the examine of every little thing some time past. humans, animals, crops, climate, warfare, peace, nutrients, garments, paintings, structure, ideals and ideas - you identify it, and a few archaeologists, someplace, are learning it. they are on their knees in a muddy trench painstakingly uncovering a pot, or a few human bones. they're working the main cutting-edge machine apparatus, CAT scanners and electron scanning microscopes or they're surveying the floor from planes. they are in a museum, conscientiously cataloguing the main priceless - or traditional! - relics of the previous. This publication goals to exhibit the significance, the range and the buzz of archaeology.

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Names such as the Stone Age, Bronze Age and Iron Age are still used today. Modern archaeologists experiment with copies of ancient tools to see how effective they would have been. This is called experimental archaeology. Stone This glass fish was made in ancient Egypt, in the second millennium BC. Fire Fire is needed to make a wide variety of objects, from bronze knives to pottery bowls and glass windows. Learning to control fire has been one of humanity's most important technological advances.

A number of defects in the skeleton of Seianti (page 27) suggest that she was severely injured in adolescence. Her bones also indicate that this might have happened in a horse-riding accident, and that as she got older she suffered from arthritis and put on weight. Occasionally the cause of death is very obvious - the skeleton of an ancient Briton at the Iron Age hill fort of Maiden Castle, in southern England, had a large crossbow bolt in its spine! The sarcophagus of Seianti. A horseriding accident early in her life may have caused her to put on weight as she grew older.

Lindow Man came to an unfortunate end. His skull had been smashed, his neck broken and his throat cut! He was then dropped face down into a pool in a bog. Perhaps he was killed as a sacrifice to the gods, or perhaps he was an executed criminal. The future The study of human remains is changing quickly. As well as examining bodies, scientists now study DNA, the tiny building blocks from which all life is made. Much of the evidence for movements of populations around the world thousands of years ago comes from such work.

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