By Howard Thomas Foster II, Mary Theresa Bonhage-Freund, Lisa D. O'Steen
Read or Download Archaeology of the Lower Muskogee Creek Indians, 1715-1836 PDF
Best archaeology books
This bold learn files the underlying gains which hyperlink the civilizations of the Mediterranean - Phoenician, Greek, Etruscan and Roman - and the Iron Age cultures of critical Europe, often linked to the Celts. It bargains with the social, fiscal and cultural interplay within the first millennium BC which culminated within the Roman Empire.
Subsistence intensification, innovation and alter have lengthy figured prominently in factors for the improvement of social complexity between foragers and horticulturalists, and the increase of mainly societies and archaic states, but there's significant debate over the particular mechanisms that advertise those techniques.
E-book by means of
Hunter-gatherer examine has performed a traditionally important position within the improvement of anthropological and evolutionary idea. this day, learn during this conventional and enduringly important box blurs strains of contrast among archaeology and ethnology, and seeks as an alternative to strengthen views and theories greatly acceptable to anthropology and its many sub disciplines.
Extra resources for Archaeology of the Lower Muskogee Creek Indians, 1715-1836
Since there are numerous and recent reviews of various aspects of Creek Indian society using ethnohistoric sources, this review deals with those cultural aspects that are more likely to affect archaeological deposits such as subsistence and architecture remains. The ethnohistoric sources present a relatively static perspective of an ethnographic present and do not quantitatively or even qualitatively demonstrate the variation between individual towns or households. Historic documents are also limited in temporal scope because most of our reliable documents are from the late eighteenth century.
94:1. Slaves consisted of about 3 percent of the total population. 44 individuals, on average (Douthat 1995). This is a slight increase in the number of children per parents over the 1725 census. SOCIAL AND POLITICAL ORGANIZATION Since the Creek Indians were an amalgam of different cultural groups, generalization about their social and political organization is tenuous. Nevertheless, the majority spoke a similar language and all were Southeastern Indians who shared common cultural characteristics (Hudson 1976; Urban 1994).
Nevertheless, the majority spoke a similar language and all were Southeastern Indians who shared common cultural characteristics (Hudson 1976; Urban 1994). While the ultimate decision-making unit of Southeastern Indians was the individual, the economic unit was the hûti, or household (Ethridge 2003:142; Hudson 1976; Saunt 1999:40; Waselkov and Braund 1995:127). The household consisted of a wife and husband, their daughters and sons-in-law, and unmarried grandchildren (Swanton 1928b:79, 170). The house and its associated property belonged to the eldest female in the household (Foster 2003a:73s; Saunt 1999:39).