By Susan Merrill Squier

There's a forgotten background to our present debates over reproductive expertise - one interweaving literature and technology, profoundly gendered, choked with offerings and struggles. We pay a cost after we settle for sleek reproductive expertise as a systematic leap forward and not using a earlier. infants in Bottles retrieves a few of that background through studying the literary and well known technology writings of Julian Huxley, J.B.S. Haldane, Charlotte Haldane, Aldous Huxley, and Naomi Mitchison - writings that come with representations of reproductive know-how from infants in bottles to surrogate moms. it's to those photographs, fantasies, practices, and narratives of medical intervention in replica that we needs to glance if we wish to comprehend what acts of ideological development were performed, and are at the moment being played, within the identify of reproductive expertise. Susan Merrill Squier exhibits how the innovative building of reproductive expertise is helping to form our modern practices. Susan Merrill Squier is Julia Gregg Brill Professor in Women's stories and English on the Pennsylvania country college, collage Park. She is the writer of Virginia Woolf and London: The Sexual Politics of town, editor of girls Writers and town: Essays in Feminist Literary feedback, and co-editor of fingers and the lady: conflict, Gender, and Literary illustration.

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Placental Chamber 98 15. Charlotte Haldane 106 16. S. Haldane 130 17. Saunes Bairos: The Cast 177 Page xi Preface and Acknowledgments Researching and writing Babies in Bottles took five years, and extended to three continents. It is with great pleasure that I acknowledge some of the people and institutions who helped along the way. Although origins are always mysterious, and intellectual origins no less so than biological ones, two collaborative experiences were important germinal moments for this book.

In 1939, Haldane became the editor of Woman Today, a socialist journal with a modest circulation in Left Bookshops and by subscription. 40As I will discuss at greater length in Chapter 3, Woman Today combined the discourse(s) of science with the agendas of leftist feminism toward the goal of empowering women as mothers. Two years after the founding of the Realist (at roughly the time of its demise), the proceedings of the Third International Congress of the World League for Sexual Reform were published, edited by Dr.

50 Fundamental to my approach in this book is the understanding that our images of reproduction are shaped by the arena of ideological construction or contestation within which they come into being. Moreover, images, and the ideas they embody, change when they move between discursive communities. This is what Marilyn Strathern has called the "domaining effect": that "in cultural life . . the ideas that reproduce themselves in our communications never reproduce themselves exactly. . [I]deas are always enunciated in an environment of other ideas, in contexts already occupied by other thoughts and images" (Reproducing the Future, 6).

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