By Paul Collier, V. L Elliott, Havard Hegre, Anke Hoeffler, Marta Reynal-Querol, Nicholas Sambanis

Civil wars allure less awareness than overseas wars yet they're turning into more and more universal and usually pass on for years. the place improvement succeeds, nations develop into gradually more secure from violent clash, making next improvement more straightforward. the place improvement fails international locations can turn into trapped in a vicious circle: battle wrecks the economic climate and raises the chance of additional conflict. This new international financial institution coverage learn document demanding situations the idea that civil wars are inevitable and proposes an time table for worldwide motion.

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Extra resources for Breaking the Conflict Trap: Civil War and Development Policy (World Bank Policy Research Reports)

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Ghobarah, Huth, and Russett (2003) find that infectious diseases are the most important cause of the indirect deaths of civil war. Of these malaria is the most important, and the evidence suggests that all the age groups under 60 are affected by malaria. As AIDS is now such a common cause of death we examine the relationship between civil war and HIV/AIDS in more detail. Military recruits are typically young, sexually active men, often unmarried. Military personnel tend to have high rates of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), including HIV: estimates indicate that rates among military personnel are two to five times higher than among the general population, even during peacetime.

Civil wars cluster for several reasons. They may share the same historical background: the former Yugoslavia’s wars in Croatia in 1991, Bosnia in 1992–95, Croatia again in 1995, and Kosovo in 1998–99 all shared similar characteristics and were influenced by the ideology of greater Serbia and greater Croatia (Kalyvas and Sambanis 2003). In the former Soviet republics wars clustered around the Caucasus in the early 1990s, taking advantage of war- and region-specific physical and human capital (Zürcher, Kohler, and Baev 2002).

2 Refugees and IDPs in Liberia and Sudan Liberia: A Nation Displaced While official estimates for IDPs and refugees peak at 70 percent of the population, it is hard to see how a single Liberian family has not been displaced at some stage by Liberia’s civil war. Displacement in Liberia has been driven by the conflict, with all its devastating political, economic, and social consequences. The human costs of displacement are apparent, but hard data have been difficult to collect, and official statistics do not tell the whole story.

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