By Peter Clark
This ebook offers the 1st account of the increase of those such a lot particular, common and robust of social associations in Georgian Britain. With roots within the early glossy period, British golf equipment and societies swept the rustic by means of 1800, after they numbered within the hundreds of thousands, and their impact keeps this present day. taking a look at the advanced mosaic of golf equipment and societies, starting from freemasonry to bird-fancying, the writer considers the explanations for his or her profitable improvement, their export to the USA and the colonies, and their effect on British Society.
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Additional resources for British Clubs and Societies 1580-1800: The Origins of an Associational World
In terms of public space, the main customary venues were the church and churchyard, the market-place and street, whilst ®elds were other common meeting-places. By the sixteenth century a growing amount of sociable activity also occurred in `mixed' space, such as inns and alehouses, the latter usually domestic or private premises, which had rooms set aside for public gatherings. Sociability could embrace the immediate family or the wider household, kinsfolk, friends, neighbours, members of the same trade, people from the same community, and outsidersÐin many permutations.
Parish, Church and People (London, 1988), 98; K. Thomas, Religion and the Decline of Magic (London, 1971), p. 161; also D. D. Hall, Worlds of Wonder, Days of Judgement: Popular Religious Belief in Early New England (New York, 1989), 15±17; P. Collinson, Godly People: Essays on English Protestantism and Puritanism (London, 1983), 473±98. ; P. Collinson, The Religion of Protestants: The Church in English Society, 1559±1625 (Oxford, 1982), ch. 6; C. W. Marsh, The Family of Love, 1550±1630 (Cambridge, 1994), ch.
Overseas academies, the older tradition of fraternities, as well as the 58 D. , `The Trade Gilds of Tudor York', in P. Clark and P. ), Crisis and Order in English Towns, 1500±1700 (London, 1972), 86±112; I. Archer, The History of the Haberdashers' Company (Chichester, 1991), chs. 3±4; PRO, E 134/11 Charles I/M 45; S. Rappaport, Worlds Within Worlds: Structures of Life in 16th-Century London (Cambridge, 1989), 41±2, 201±13. 59 M. J. D. thesis, University of Cambridge, 1985), 146, 268±70. 99 10:01 01 Chapter 0394 Introduction 25 regulated trade gilds may have provided some pieces of the design, but not all.