By James Wright, Matt Leivers, Rachael Seager Smith, Chris J. Stevens
This booklet provides the result of 12 excavations in the Cambourne improvement quarter, a brand new cost at the clay 'uplands'to the west of Cambridge. The excavations printed proof for intermittent human profession of the Cambourne panorama from no less than the center Bronze Age to the current day yet in general of heart Iron Age to Romano-British date. From the center Iron Age, the Cambourne panorama used to be settled via small farming groups occupying roundhouses, set inside of enclosures associated by means of droveways to broad box platforms. except the biggest and most complicated web site investigated, at decrease Cambourne, the past due Iron Age turns out to have noticeable anything of a recession with abandonment of previous settlements most likely because of elevated waterlogging making farming much less conceivable. From the center of the first century advert, new settlements together with roundhouses set inside of enclosures and box structures emerged. 3 'placed deposits' comprised pewter vessels, glass vessels, and the iron components of a plough. inventory elevating and a few arable cultivation appear to have shaped the most elements of the economyand payment could have endured into the early fifth century There appears to be like then to were a hiatus till the twelfth or thirteenth century while the full quarter was once taken into arable cultivation leaving the ever present lines of medieval ridge and furrow agriculture.
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Additional resources for Cambourne New Settlement: Iron Age and Romano-British Settlement on the Clay Uplands of West Cambridgeshire (Wessex Archaeology Report)
Building A The width of the larger building, aligned north-east to south-west, can be estimated at c. 4 m by the extent of cobbling in the southern part of the hollow, probably representing the remains of a floor surface. Plotting the positions of nails recovered by metal-detecting suggests that the line of the north-western wall coincides with the edge of the cobbles. The southwestern end was probably marked by post-holes 80444, 80874 and 80876, and gully 80883 may have been a drainage feature just outside.
A silver 2nd century coin and a 4th century coin were recovered from ditch 80134. Rectangular buildings In the centre of the enclosure s central division was a shallow irregular hollow (80111), measuring c. 18 m by c. 7 m and aligned NNE SSW, filled with deposits sealing what are interpreted as the remains of two rectangular buildings, Buildings A and B (Fig. 18). Three slots were excavated across it. Building A The width of the larger building, aligned north-east to south-west, can be estimated at c.
However, the presence to its south of numerous pits and post-holes, grouped together as 60799, might suggest that this area was occupied by a building, the gully cutting one pit (60419) and, in turn, being cut by another (60418). 3 m deep, and some may have held posts supporting a fence or screen. 31 m deep with a possible post-pad in its base. 69 m deep. Some of the pits contained stones interpreted as pot boilers, and together these features may represent an activity area, although not one associated with food processing.