Download Graf Zeppelin - The German Aircraft Carrier by Siegfried Breyer PDF

By Siegfried Breyer

Книга Schiffer Graf Zeppelin Schiffer Graf Zeppelin Книги Вооружение Автор: SIEGFRIEDBREYER Формат: pdf Размер: 30,5 Язык: Русский0 (голосов: zero) Оценка:Сообщения о начале строительства в Германии двух АВ, впервые появившиеся в военно-морской прессе в 1936 г., сразу же вызвали среди специалистов противоречивые оценки. Анализ опубликованных в печати характеристик строящегося первого немецкого АВ позволял заключить, что действующая доктрина германского флота предусматривает возможность участия корабля в артиллерийском бою с противником, причем не только в ситуации, когда артиллерия применяется для самообороны. Вооружение корабля шестнадцатью 150-мм орудиями являлось одной из очевидных особенностей немецкого АВ, по артиллерийской мощи превосходившего легкие крейсеры германского флота. Во второй половине 1930-х гг. такой акцент вызвал у сторонников американской концепции АВ, предусматривавшей максимальное внимание к его авиационному вооружению и сохранение только среднекалиберной зенитной артиллерии исключительно для самообороны, настороженное удивление. Еще больше они бы удивились, узнав, что первоначально немцы хотели вооружить свой АВ артиллерией тяжелого крейсера - восемью 203-мм орудиями. Отметим, что сами американцы в начале 1920-х гг. поступили точно так же со своими авианосцами типа Лексингтон , но эти корабли, как известно, достраивались в новом качестве из линейных крейсеров, поэтому стали исключением из правила. Впрочем, артиллерийское вооружение немецкого АВ, как и другие ТТЭ корабля, строго сохраняемые в тайне, были неизвестны на Западе. Начало работ по проектированию АВ в Германии относится к зиме 1933/1934 гг., когда были сформулированы тактико-технические требования (ТТТ): водоизмещение около 20 тысяч т, скорость полного хода 33 узла, 50-60 самолетов, восемь 203-мм орудий, мощное зенитное вооружение, защита - по стандартам для легких крейсеров. Эскизное проектирование под руководством инженера-кораблестроителя германских ВМС В.Хеделера (W.Hedeler) выполнялось в течение 1934 г. В процессе работы было решено заменить тяжелые 203-мм орудия на 150-мм, зенитную артиллерию принять в количестве десяти стволов калибра a hundred and five мм и крупнокалиберных пулеметов, а скорость увеличить до 35 узлов. Стандартное водоизмещение АВ составило 23 тысячи т. Видимо, уже тогда в проект были заложены основные решения, отличавшие его от зарубежных аналогов. К таковым следует отнести "крейсерскую" броневую палубу со скосами, конструктивное включение полетной палубы в обеспечение общей прочности корпуса и протяженное вертикальное бронирование переменной по длине корпуса толщины. Выбор двухъярусной схемы ангаров определялся количеством размещаемых в них самолетов.

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Download The US Army in World War II, Volume 2: The Mediterranean by Mark Henry, Mike Chappell PDF

By Mark Henry, Mike Chappell

It used to be the Mediterranean theatre which observed the blooding of the USA military opposed to the German Wehrmacht, in North Africa within the iciness of 1943-44 of worldwide battle II (1939-1945). After this tough schooling the united states forces pressed directly to Sicily, the South of France and the Italian mainland. the following, confronted via tough terrain , they and their British Commonwealth allies fought an extended crusade till VE-Day. This moment of a sequence of 3 MAA titles covers the uniforms worn on those fronts, together with US military chilly climate, airborne and tankers' apparatus; a few quite attention-grabbing and critical devices, together with mountain, Japanese-American and African-American troops; and various crew-served guns.

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Download Last victory in Russia. The SS-Panzerkorps and Manstein's by George M Nipe PDF

By George M Nipe

This booklet is the 1st designated and entire account of the Kharkov counteroffensive, the operations of the SS divisions and the aiding activities of Armeeabteilung Fretter-Pico and 1. Panzerarmee, and is supported via over 210 pictures and maps. by way of the top of January of 1943, Hitler's armies have been dealt a chain of defeats by means of the Russians, starting with the catastrophe at Stalingrad. Successive Soviet offensives had destroyed the German 6. Armee and annihilated the armies of Germany's Axis allies, Italy, Rumania and Hungary. Germany teetered close to defeat in global battle II as the Soviet improve threatened to force to the Dnepr River and encircle the rest Germans armies in southern Russia. Stalin and the Russian excessive command believed that the battle will be received with only one extra nice attempt. therefore, they deliberate and introduced offensives, certain Operations "Star" and "Gallop." The focal issues of the 2 offensives integrated the recapture of Kharkov, the economic middle of the Ukraine and the destruction of Armeeabteilung Hollidt, four. Panzerarmee and a pair of. Armee. Feldmarschall Erich von Manstein entered the image in past due 1942 while he was once appointed commander of Heeresgruppe Don. starting in February he engineered a impressive operation that modified the process the conflict in Russia. Manstein's counteroffensive destroyed or seriously broken 4 Russian armies and regained a lot of the territory misplaced in January. The troops that performed an important position within the offensive have been 3 divisions of the Waffen-SS. "Leibstandarte," "Das Reich" and "Totenkopf" have been mixed for the 1st time right into a corps, which was once commanded through SS-Obergruppenfuhrer Paul Hausser, the senior commander of the Waffen-SS. "Leibstandarte" and "Das Reich" participated within the protection of Kharkov, in addition to the elite military department "Grossdeutschland" supported through 3 vulnerable infantry divisions. This handful of divisions was once attacked via 4 Soviet armies, yet less than command of Armeeabteilung Lanz, used to be in a position to carry town for 2 weeks. On 14 February, 1943 the SS-Panzerkorps and the remainder of Armeeabteilung Lanz withdrew from Kharkov lower than disputed conditions that concerned Hausser and his violation of an instantaneous order from Hitler. nearly precisely a month later, the Germans had recaptured Kharkov and destroyed or crippled the 4 Soviet armies that had pushed them out of the town in February. The divisions that performed the foremost position in Manstein's counteroffensive have been the 3 divisions of the Waffen-SS. whereas "Leibstandarte" defended the availability base of the SS-Panzerkorps from the complete Soviet third Tank military, "Das Reich" and "Totenkopf" carried out a posh sequence of operations that begun with a a hundred kilometer thrust to the south which stored the Dnepr bridges, therefore securing offer traces for the armies of Heeresgruppe Don/Sud. next operations by means of the SS divisions drove the Russians clear of the rail internet south of Kharkov and wrested Kharkov from the Russians once more. in the course of the recapture of town, there has been controversy relating to Hausser's command judgements. Hausser has been accused of brushing off his directions from stronger officials and throwing his divisions into expensive strive against within the urban for purposes of non-public and SS status, to be able to regain Hitler's want. This examine has stumbled on that the documents of the SS-Panzerkorps and four. Panzerarmee offer a special cause of Hausser's activities.

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Download The Paras 1940-84 by Greg Ferguson, Kevin Lyles PDF

By Greg Ferguson, Kevin Lyles

At the evening of seven February 1941 the 1st British parachute unit was once despatched into motion. Their aim was once the Tragino Aqueduct in Italy, and even if the undertaking itself didn't visit plan, the impression on Italian morale of this touchdown within the center in their state was once substantial. It used to be additionally a worthwhile success for the parachutists to have proved themselves in motion, even on so small a scale, at a time whilst Britain was once reeling from defeat to defeat. seeing that then, British Airborne Forces have proved themselves in motion time and time back, in various various theatres from Europe to the Falklands.

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Download Holocaust Testimonies: The Ruins of Memory by Lawrence L. Langer PDF

By Lawrence L. Langer

A sustained research of the ways that oral stories of survivors contributes to the certainty of the Holocaust, this publication additionally goals to make clear the varieties and services of reminiscence as sufferers relive devastating reviews of discomfort, humiliation and loss. Drawing at the Fortunoff Video data for Holocaust stories at Yale collage, the writer exhibits how oral Holocaust tales supplement ancient reports by means of permitting one to confront the human dimensions of the disaster. Quoting from those interviews, Langer develops a method for analyzing them as one may well a written textual content. He contrasts written and oral narratives, noting that whereas survivor memoirs by way of authors comparable to Primo Levy and Charlotte Delbo remodel fact via type, imagery, chronology or a coherent ethical imaginative and prescient, oral stories face up to those organizing impulses and make allowance in its place one of those unshielded fact to emerge, simply as strong in its influence because the visions taking form in written memoirs. He argues that it is important to deromanticize the survival event and that to burden it with accolades in regards to the "indominable human spirit" is to mild its painful complexity and ambivalence. eventually he explores the duty of creating a significant connection among consequential dwelling and inconsequential demise, among ethical striving and the spirit of soreness and experience of a lowered self that pervades those Holocaust stories.

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Download FDR and his Contemporaries: Foreign Perceptions of an by Cornelis van Minnen, John Sears PDF

By Cornelis van Minnen, John Sears

Half 1 advent: Franklin D.Roosevelt's internationalism, Arthur M.Schlesinger, Jr. half 2 FDR's allies: Churchill and Franklin D.Roosevelt - a wedding of comfort, David K.Adams; De Gaulle and Franklin D.Roosevelt, Claude Fohlen; Stalin and Franklin D.Roosevelt, Valentin Berezhkov; Sikorski, Mikolajczyk and Franklin D.Roosevelt, 1939-45, Lubomir W.Zybliklewicz; assessment of American-Yugoslav relatives in international battle II, Ivan Cizmic; Wilhelmina and Franklin D.Roosevelt - a wartime courting, Albert E.Kersten; the Oslo States and Franklin D.Roosevelt, Ger van Roon; Latin the United States and Franklin D.Roosevelt, Henry Raymont; Chiang Kai-shek and Franklin D.Rosevelt, Hsi-sheng Ch'i. half three FDR's foes: Hitler's notion of Franklin D.Roosevelt and the U.S.A. - Detlef Junker Mussolini and Franklin D.Roosevelt, Maurizio Vaudagna; Franco and Franklin D.Roosevelt, Javier Tusell; Emperor Hirochito and Franklin D.Roosevelt, Akira Iriye. half four The post-war interval: the legacy of Franklin D.Roosevelt's internationalism, Leon Gordenker.

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Download Twenty Days in the Reich: Three Downed RAF Aircrew on the by Flying Officer Squire 'Tim' Scott PDF

By Flying Officer Squire 'Tim' Scott

On 15 March 1945 3 workforce individuals of a Bomber Command Lancaster baled from their crippled airplane over the japanese Rhur. the writer of this e-book was once the navigator and a type of males. All 3 came across themselves in quiet nation-state yet have been quickly captured and imprisoned in a village reformatory. After a short while they have been moved and now unfolds the story of ways German guards led them over a hundred and twenty miles to their eventual PoW vacation spot. for the reason that they have been as regards to the advancing Allied forces the transportation process was once in chaos they usually traveled occasionally via one of many few final trains or through hitchhiking. The nights have been bitterly chilly and helpful little heating was once on hand. the 2 guards have been sympathetic and the small get together used to be surprised through the civility of the local community, because the RAF was once rife with stories of terrible violence whilst downed RAF team fell into civilian fingers, one of many result of the blanket bombing offence that used to be then underway. At one degree their guards fell asleep and break out used to be thought of, yet finally rejected they usually have been introduced right into a move PoW camp. ahead of they have been rescued via Allied forces, 22 days after baling out, the 3 had simply spent 15 days as prisoners and purely 36 hours at the back of barbed wire.

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