By Tim Champion

This quantity makes use of the suggestions of centre and outer edge, specially as formulated through Wallerstein to give an explanation for the increase of eu capitalist global structures, and applies them to archaeology. The reviews during this quantity contemplate how those recommendations should be tailored to light up our knowing of pre-capitalist societies and long-term social adjustments.

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Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Kristiansen (eds) 1987. Centre and periphery in the ancient world. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Schneider, J. 1977. Was there a pre-capitalist world system? Peasant Studies 6(1),20–9. R. 1962. Primitive social organisation: an evolutionary perspective. New York: Random House. A. 1976. Regional analysis. New York and London:Academic Press. Steponaitis, V. 1978. Location theory and complex chiefdoms: a Mississippian example. ), 417–53. New York: Academic Press.

G. Iron Age Europe). It was suggested that those external relationships had an important rôle to play in initiating or maintaining the internal processes of development through peer polity interaction; competitive emulation or a network of alliances among peer polities might well produce a marked similarity of socio-economic development or a shared set of political or ideological values, but the stimulus to such change among the cluster of polities as a whole came from interactions with an area outside that cluster.

Her own main concern was with the period immediately prior to that of Wallerstein’s study, and she argued that he systematically underestimated the scale and consequences of pre-capitalist exchanges, and in particular that he had misconceived the critical importance of luxury goods. Wallerstein (1974, p. 306) had, for instance, described the Russian fur trade of the 16th century, one of the ‘rich trades’, as ‘an exchange of preciosities, a method of consuming surplus rather than producing it, hence dispensable at moments of contraction, and consequently not central to the functioning of the economic system’.

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