By Paul Daniel, J Ivatts
This e-book presents a severe account of British social coverage due to the fact that 1945 from the viewpoint of the kid. utilizing the UN conference at the Rights of the kid as a yardstick, it examines a variety of coverage parts together with wellbeing and fitness, schooling, housing, social safety, baby care and security. It concludes with feedback for making coverage extra child-centred. it will likely be of curiosity to quite a lot of execs and to a person who's curious about kid's welfare.
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Additional resources for Children and Social Policy
5 '2 Ill E ~ & c: l!! 8. a: u.. ll. 2 Total period fertility rate (TPFR) in the United Kingdom, 1944-94 Source for both figures: Office for National Statistics (1996), pp. 7-8; Crown copyright 1996. Reproduced by permission of The Controller of HMSO and The Office for National Statistics. Children in Britain Today 29 The most recent period when the birth rate rose above replacement level was the baby boom period from the early 1950s to the late 1960s. 94 (Coleman, 1988, p. 49). This rise was associated with a noticeable increase in the prevalence of marriage and with earlier marriage.
In 1990 an HMI survey, The Educational Provision for Traveller Children in Essex, found 391 Traveller children registered with schools in the county; and a further 589 children not registered with schools who were living on sixty-two unauthorised sites. These latter children had been visited during the preceding year by two mobile teaching units (DES, 1991). As in the case of refugee children, the children living in Traveller communities are growing up under widely differing circumstances. Yet their relative invisibility in comparison with the majority of British children may make their needs all the more acute and at the same time often, by default, overlooked.
What is immediately striking from this data is the overall youthfulness of these communities. 6 per cent) comprise children and adolescents under the age of 16, and the proportions of children in the Pakistani and Bangladeshi groups are even larger. Conversely, these communities contain very few people in older age groups. With regard to their fertility, as Coleman and Salt note, 'sparse data make the fertility of ethnic minorities difficult to analyse. Moreover, the tempo and quantum of their family building is changing fast and that makes it difficult to trust conventional summary measures' (1992, p.