Circumpolar Lives and Livelihood is a cross-cultural ethnoarchaeological learn of the gendered nature of subsistence in northern hunter-gatherer-fisher societies. in accordance with box reports of 4 circumpolar societies, it records the complexities of women’s and men’s involvement in meals procurement, processing, and garage, and the connection of such behaviors to the outfitted panorama. warding off simplistic stereotypes of female and male roles, the framework of “gendered landscapes” finds the range and suppleness of women’s and men’s genuine lives in a fashion priceless for archaeological interpretations of hunter-foragers.
Innovative in scope and layout, this can be the 1st learn to hire a managed, four-way, cross-cultural comparability of gender and subsistence. participants of a world group of anthropologists skilled in northern scholarship observe an analogous task-differentiation technique in experiences of Chipewyan hunter-fishers of Canada, Khanty hunter-fisher-herders of Western Siberia, Sámi in depth reindeer herders of northwestern Finland, and Iñupiaq maritime hunters of the Bering Strait of Alaska. This database on gender and subsistence is used to re-evaluate one of many bedrock strategies in anthropology and social technological know-how: the sexual department of work.
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Additional resources for Circumpolar Lives and Livelihood: A Comparative Ethnoarchaeology of Gender and Subsistence
Pp. 195– 210. Boulder: University Press of Colorado. Brumbach, Hetty Jo, Robert Jarvenpa, and Clifford Buell 1982 An Ethnoarchaeological Approach to Chipewyan Adaptations in the Late Fur Trade Period. Arctic Anthropology 19(1):1–49. Campbell, J. M. 1973 Territoriality Among Ancient Hunters: Interpretations from Ethnography and Nature. In Anthropological Archaeology in the Americas. Betty J. Meggers, ed. Pp. 1–21. Washington dc: Anthropological Society of Washington. Claassen, Cheryl P. 1991 Gender, Shellﬁshing and the Shell Mound Archaic.
A continental subhumid climate applies rather uniformly to the entire Upper Churchill region. It is characterized by relatively short but warm summers with wide variations in day and night temperatures, long cold winters, and moderately low annual precipitation. 0pt PgV ——— Normal Page PgEnds: TEX , (14) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 month, July, between 16° and 18° C (Chapman and Brown 1966; Chakravarti 1969:54). Consonant with temperature variations are seasonal oscillations in humidity and sunlight.
While widely spaced Chipewyan communities share a common language, there are some regional dialectical variations. Upper Churchill Chipewyan speech closely resembles the dialects at Cold Lake, Fort Chipewyan, and other western locales as opposed to the dialects at Brochet and points eastward. 1. Southern Chipewyan territory in central subarctic Canada. 1). This 141,000-square-kilometer region embraces the headwaters of the Churchill River to the south and a height of chipewyan so ciet y and gender rel ations 25 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 land containing Arctic-drained waters to the north and is part of the transcontinental subarctic boreal forest biome.